Lesotho is a sovereign democratic kingdom with the King as a constitutional monarch and Head of State. The Parliament of Lesotho consists of the King, the Senate and the National Assembly.
The Senate of Lesotho is the upper Chamber of the Parliament of Lesotho, it consists of twenty-two Principal Chiefs and eleven other Senators nominated in that behalf by the King acting in accordance with the advice of the Council of State.
The National Assembly is the lower Chamber of the Parliament of Lesotho, it consists of one hundred and twenty members who are elected in terms of a mixed member proportional electoral system with eighty members elected under first-past the post system and remaining forty members elected in accordance with the principle of proportional representation.
The term of parliament is five years.